Monsoon in India is all about having a cup of hot tea with a plate of snacks, listening to 90’s retro music and enjoying the view of raindrops falling on the ground refreshing the environs. But, the reality is a bit different. This picture perfect situation disappears when you step out of your home on a rainy day.
Here are the most common monsoon diseases that you need to look out. While most of these are treatable to quite an extent, some qualify as fatal and life-threatening diseases and must be treated at the earliest to avoid facing consequences.
1 . Malaria

Malaria is the most common disease of the monsoon season. It typically spreads from the

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bite of a female Anopheles mosquito. Since water logging is a standard problem during the monsoon season in India, it serves as the best breeding ground for the mosquitoes. These mosquitoes fly around to our houses and spread the disease. Many pieces of study prove that almost 90% of the Indian population is at the risk of suffering this monsoon disease. Weakness, 

recurring fever, 
muscle pain and 
bouts of shivering 
are the most prominent symptoms of Malaria
Causes of Malaria: Since the infection of Malaria are typically injected into the bloodstream by the Anopheles mosquito, this means that the use of shared syringes, organ transplant, and blood transfusion can easily aid in the transfer this disease from one person to another. An infected mother can also transmit Malaria infection to her unborn child.
Prevention against Malaria: 
Know about the ABCD prevention of Malaria:
Awareness of risks of Malaria
Bite Prevention
Antimalarial medication – Chemoprophylaxis (taking antimalarial)
Prompt Diagnosis and treatment
2. Viral Fever
Viral Fever is another common monsoon disease. It often causes the body temperature to rise as high as 104 °F and trigger many related problems such as constant sneezing, sore throat and even breathing problem.
Causes of Viral Fever: The common cold is the most common cause of viral fever, which is caused by a viral infection that particularly affects the upper respiratory tract.
While it can leave a person weak and fatigued, the common cold rarely causes any chronic medical complications. There are over 200 different types of viruses that are associated with cold & very often, more than one virus is present in the body causing the condition to grow and weaken the immune system. Some other standard causes include viral gastroenteritis, sinus infections, mono (kissing disease), and seasonal influenza (the flu).
Prevention against Viral Fever: The best way to prevent yourself from getting the viral fever is by avoiding getting drenched in the rain. But, if you do get caught up in the rain and catch the viral fever, seek medical assistance right away. For there may not be any reparations of getting wet in the rains, but there certainly are of acquiring the viral fever.
3.  Dengue
This mosquito borne disease has, over the past decade, taken the lives of many. Dengue is quite common during the monsoon season for the reason that it’s the time of the year that mosquitoes get favorable conditions to breed and spread infection. When a person is injected with the virus of Dengue, he/she is expected to witness symptoms like
 persisting headache, high fever, rashes, and  pain in the muscles and the joints.
In severe cases, one may experience severe bleeding and shocks, which can be life threatening.
Causes of Dengue: When an infected mosquito bites a human, it injects one of the four known viruses of Dengue into his/her the bloodstream. Furthermore, the mosquito either picks this virus from an already infected person, or from surrounding environs.
Prevention against Dengue:
Sleeping in Mosquito beds is a good way to prevent yourself from mosquito bites.Aerosol and liquid sprays are a good way to effectively kill mosquito.Try and wear long-sleeved clothes when going outside.You can prevent yourself from mosquito bites by applying insect repellent on clothes or on the skin, especially that’s exposed.
4.  Jaundice
Jaundice is a condition wherein the color of the skin and the eyes turns yellow. It is the cause of increased levels of bilirubin in the bloodstream.
The color of the skin and sclera varies depending up on raised level of bilirubin; mildly elevated levels display yellow skin and sclera, while highly elevated levels display brownish color. Jaundice can be caused by a number of conditions, typically including the inflammation of the liver and the presence of an obstruction in the bile duct.
#Causes of Jaundice#: Jaundice may be caused by a number of diseases. The best way to know the kind of Jaundice type you have is by identifying the problems that disrupt the normal bilirubin metabolism and/or excretion.
Pre-hepatic (pre bile production stage) – In this case Jaundice is a result of rapid increase in the breakdown and destruction of the red blood cells (hemolysis), overwhelming the liver’s ability to adequately remove the increased levels of bilirubin from the blood. Examples of conditions that cause increased breakdown of red blood cells include:
Malaria,
Sickle cell crisis,
Spherocytosis,
Thalassemia,
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD),
Drugs or other toxins, and
Autoimmune disorders
Hepatitis (commonly viral or alcohol related),
Cirrhosis,
Drugs or other toxins,
Crigler-Najjar syndrome,
Gilbert’s syndrome, and
Post-hepatic (after bile has been made in the liver) – Jaundice, in such a case, is also termed as obstructive jaundice. This is caused by conditions that interfere with the normal drainage of conjugated bilirubin, in the form of bile, from the liver into the intestines.
Causes of obstructive jaundice include:
Gallstones in the bile ducts,
Cancer (pancreatic and gallbladder/bile duct carcinoma),
Strictures of the bile ducts,
Cholangitis,
Congenital malformations,
Pancreatitis,
Parasites,
Pregnancy, and
Newborn jaundice.
Also, check out some common causes of newborn jaundice:
Physiological jaundiceMaternal-fetal blood group incompatibility (Rh, ABO)
Breast milk jaundiceBreastfeeding jaundice
Cephalohematoma (a collection of blood under the scalp)
Prevention against Jaundice: Here are some of the ways to prevent Jaundice on time:
Vaccines for hepatitis (hepatitis A, hepatitis B)Avoid heavy alcohol consumptionTake medications which prevent malaria before traveling to high-risk regions.Avoid potentially contaminated foods/water intake and maintain a good hygiene
. 5 leptospirosis
bacterial infection transmitted when urine and feces of infected animals such as rodents, contaminate the soil, water, and vegetation.
A person may get leptospirosis by ingesting contaminated food or water, when broken skin and open wounds, or when eyes, nose, sinuses and mouth come in contact with contaminated water (usually flood water) or soil. Incubation period of bacteria is 7-10 days.
Signs include:
Fever
Muscle pain
Headache
Calf-muscle pain and reddish eyes
For severe cases (liver/brain involvement or kidney failure)
Yellowish body discoloration
Dark-colored urine
Light stools
Low urine output
Severe headache
#How to prevent#
Avoid swimming or wading in flood water
Use boots and gloves
Drain potentially contaminated water
Control rodents in the household by using rat traps or rat poison
Maintain cleanliness in the house
Prevention
Monsoon is the time when dirty water mixed with sewage and soil can cause infections. Overflowing ground water can contaminate tap water too. “Make drinking water safe by boiling, filtering and by using ultraviolet purifiers to ensure its purity. Or just stick to bottled mineral water to protect yourself against water borne diseases”
Prevent stagnation of water near your house, in flower pots, coolers etc.
 All sources of water such as wells and storage tanks should be covered and cleaned to avert breeding of mosquitoes and prevent mosquito borne diseases.
Use insect repellents, disinfectants and take precautions to stay away from mosquitoes, flies, cockroaches and termites. Dried neem leaves, camphor or cloves emit fresh odour.
Clean your salads and leafy vegetables under running water, steaming them is the best way to get rid of germs. Soaking the greens in salt water for about 10 minutes can help remove germ Avoid eating roadside food items such as cut fruits, chaat, ‘pani puris’ or salads. Eat only freshly cooked food.
During monsoon, special attention is required to prevent fungal feet. Keep them dry.
Opt for open shoes during hot and humid days to prevent fungal feet.
Do not wear wet clothes for long to prevent fungal infections of the skin or nails.
Diabetics should not walk bare foot since the soil on which they walk is a reservoir of all types of germs.
Wash your hands before handling food, after eating food and after visiting the toilet.
Avoid motorcycling in the rain if possible. Those who must ride should take extra precautions.
Slow down. Rain causes oil in the road to rise to the surface. Water and oil make the road both wet and slick.
 Homoeopathy approach
Homeopathy is superior to modern medicine due to the following reasons:
It is better and safe for all, as modern medicine has its own adverse effects.
Medicines like rhus tox ,dulcamara ,arsenic , gelsemium,bapticia,eup.perf ,china , chelidoneum etc are of great importance.
Rightly prescribed Homeopathic medicine brings back health in a very gentle way, without causing unwanted adverse effects, in a very short span of hours.

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